Division of Alexander’s empire among his generals. Consequences of Actions The Greek 'Golden Age', centred in Athens, brought about new forms of art, the foundations of future philosophy and redirected literature and drama. Man-Power. Causes of Confederate Defeat in the Civil War. The history of the second Persian war as presented in most of the modern literature is solely based on Herodotus’ Histories.However, Herodotus’ narration seems to contain several unrealistic elements which raise doubts about the actual strategy of the Greek alliance. The most obvious reason this happened was a huge difference in the […] How did they manage to screw up that one? A number of factors arose which would ultimately lead to the fall of Babylon. Combined with their better weapons and soldiers, the Greeks held the advantage and seized opportunities at the perfect moment. Which Hellenistic scientist made practical inventions by applying principles of physics? Themistocles plan for the defense of Greece lay with its navy, and it was this belief of Themistocles, that ‘it was his ambition to unite the whole city to the sea’ (Herodotus), that formed the principal reason for the defeat of the Persians. The whites regarded the Plains Indians as an excruciating and unendurable hindrance to westward expansion. How did Greek art reflect the idea of an ideal form? British General Lord Cornwallis surrenders 8,000 British soldiers to the Americans at the Battle of Yorktown, effectively bringing an end to the American Revolution. It can be traced as far back as the Ancient Greeks, who participated in it as early Olympic Games back in 668 B.C. Such factors include unity, leadership, strategy, tactics and the pre-eminence of the Greek soldier. In the 15th and 16th centuries, three great powers arose in a band across western and southern Asia. 300. The occupation of Napoleon in Moscow did not have a effect on the government." What do Homer's epics reveal about Greek culture? How did the Athenians defeat the Persians at the Battle of Marathon? Appomattox. brought ideas and skills of other culture. Another factor to consider is the stalwart Aztec belief in ceremony which required them to take prisoners alive in the heat of battle rather than killing them on the spot. This era is also referred to as the “Age of Pericles” after the Athenian statesman who directed the affairs of … How the events of a single day changed the entire course of Western Civilization is hard to fathom but obvious when one looks at the aftermath of that fateful event. Definition of Direct democracy A government in which citizens take part directly in the day to day affairs of government. In 513 B.C., the Persian imperial policy had been to expand into Europe gradually, and by … In this scenario the Greeks lost some battles again, but, temporarily managed to stop the Persian invasions and for their defense they created an Alliance that was able to unite the different Greek peoples and protect them from Persian attacks. They were joined together as allies. It was he who realized that the Persian threat was imminent and catastrophic, and it was his radical advancement of Athenian sea power which allowed the Greeks to achieve victory over the Persians. They were initially the Mycenaean’s from the North; however, by then they travelled down via Greece and settled on the Peloponnesus Peninsula. According to the “Encyclopedia of Ancient History, Greece”, it was a serious of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire. A bauble, perhaps, beside the treasures of the empire, but a tempting one." What were the long-term consequences of the Persian's defeat by the Greek city states? The Muslim conquest of Persia, also known as the Arab invasion of Iran, led to the fall of the Sasanian Empire of Iran (Persia) in 651 and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion. In the aftermath of the Persian Wars, the Greeks were unable to maintain their unity. why were soldiers and merchants unsatisfied by the arisitocratic government in athens. I think a better question would be Why did the Persians lose? A brief treatment of the Peloponnesian War follows. … A) the Indus River B) the Oxus River C) the Aegean D) the Mediterranean 14) Which of the following was NOT a factor contributing to the downfall of the Assyrian Empire? Silver mining contributed to the funding of a massive Greek army that was able to rebuke Persian assaults and eventually defeat the Persians entirely. What Were the Most Important Factors in Explaining the Spanish Victory Over the Aztecs & Incas?. Boxing is one of the most popular sports in the United States, and has been that way for over five decades. Question options: bombardment from the heavy cannons of the Mexican navy James Fannin's decision to wait several days before withdrawing from Goliad William Travis's decision to withhold reinforcements from San Antonio Amon King's failure to post lookouts at the Texas camp The people of Athens mostly depended on trade to obtain resources to be used to run the government. his son cambyses, invaded Egypt. When Athens sent a small fleet in support of the Ionian rebels they immediately gave Persia a new target for further expansion. As time went by, the Greek city-states were under the rule of the Persians. Boxing can result in health issues such as head trauma, brain damage, bodily injury, and future health concerns. 13) Defeat of the Lydians brought the Persian Empire to which of these? The achievements of the Athenians during this period were directly connected to the inspiration and prestige (which later translated into power) fuelled by the events at Marathon. This lack of navy was, as mentioned above, a factor that halted Persian expansion across the seas. pg 256, The Campaign of 1812 in Russia

General Clausewitz said, "Napoleon believed if he defeated the Russian Army and occupied Moscow, the Russian leadership will fall apart and the government would call for peace." This era is also referred to as the “Age of Pericles” after the Athenian statesman who directed the affairs of … Prior to the advent of Islam, the Umayyads were a largely merchant family of the Quraysh tribe centered at Mecca. A number of factors and circumstances can be attributed to the defeat of the Aztecs by the Spanish. Eric D. Blanco Despite the Persian forces’ brutal defeat at Plataea, Xerxes planned to invade Greece again to bring it under the control of his massive empire. The population of Babylonia became restive and increasingly disaffected under Nabonidus. Their creation and involvement in trade networks. Both countries had their own plans which were the Schlieffen Plan and the Plan R respectively. Secondly, the British blockade which led to the lack of materials was a key factor in the defeat of Germany. Parkinson’s is often associated with constant head trauma, over a prolonged time. I mean, they had some obvious advantages: Money. The origin of the Persian Empire can be attributed to the leadership of Cyrus the Great. Defeat of the Soviet Union in Afghanistan. After serving at the battle of Marathon, in 490BC during the first invasion, Themistocles was one of the few who realized the threat of future invasions from the eastern power of Persia. The Messenia’s cultivated for Spartans whilst the Spartans, on the other hand, enjoyed and took the products from the farm. As time went by, the Greek city-states were under the rule of the Persians. A. a decades-long drought B. its refusal to participate in trade C. internal struggles between rulers D. its geographic isolation from other regions Which factor contributed to the rise of African empires such as Ghana and Mali? The revolts of a few Greek cities of Ionia were what initially sparked the Persians interest in Athens, Attica and the Peloponnese. The Persian wars began. The period of détente between the USSR and the USA came to an end in 1980. One of the greatest boxers of all time, Muhammad Ali, now suffers from Parkinson’s disease. The results of the battle had unforeseen effects on Athens and the future of Western Civilization. The dynasty came to an end with the death of Darius III, following his defeat by Alexander the Great. the unifications of the greek city states. A. The Athenians armaments and armour also contributed to the defeat of the Persians as the Athenians were better armed for an offensive attack against their enemy. These include the superior leadership from commanders such as Themistocles and Leonidas, the effective Greek strategy and the cooperation of all the Greek city states to unite against a common threat. See the answer. Greek leadership developed from weak and conflicting to united and strong, directly contributing to a Greek victory over the Persians as... ...in the east. The Greek offensive, although contributed to Miltiades as a brilliant strategic decision, is an important historiographical issue for modern historians. Cyrus was able to create a vast empire that would last more than two hundred years. With many more men and a despotic government going for the Persian side, it looked like a one-sided fight. A brief treatment of the Greco-Persian Wars follows. From the beginning, they were a military state. Boxing is a martial art and combat sport in which two people engage in a combination of strength, reflexes, and endurance by throwing punches at the opponent. The loss of this territory badly stung the French and was a motivating factor in 1914. What factors united the city-states of Greece? Which factor contributed to Songhai's downfall as a powerful empire? Fighting skills and warrior culture. For full treatment, see Ancient Greek civilization: The Peloponnesian War. The poor organisation and disarray of their enemy led to an undermining of the Persian might and further improved Greece's chances of success. The British navy also proved quite helpful in the carrying men and material for war against Napoleon in different parts and thus contributed to his fall. Among the notable kings of the empire were Cyrus II (the Great) and Darius I. Persians wars were sequences of conflicts contested between Persia and ancient Greece, where the two were both ancient civilizations. A. Some of the main contributing factors are superior industrial capabilities, more efficient logistical support, greater naval power, and a largely lopsided population in favor of the Union. Persian battle doctrine dictated that their best troops, true Persians, fought in the center, while conscripts, pressed into service from tribute states, fought on the flanks. Neither factor was foreordained, nor necessarily inevitable. A brief treatment of the Greco-Persian Wars follows. Cyrus was able to create a vast empire that would last more than two hundred years. Why did Athenian soldiers feel like they should have more say in government? The end of the Persian Wars led to the rise of Athens as the leader of the Delian League. It was only ten years later that Xerxes, son of Darius I, organized a major invasion of Greece. The name Iran derives from the word “Asyran,” and during the first half of the first millennium, the Iranian-speaking people moved gradually into the area of the Zagros Mountains, the largest groups known as the Medes and Persians. Which describes the influence of Pericles on Athens? Which factor contributed to the Persian defeat? But this time it was a fatal mistake. Before the Peloponnesian War, the city-states of Greece had worked together to fight off the Persians. While the first invasion had been repelled by the Greek hoplite forces, the coming wave was much too large to be beaten on land. The Battle of Salamis (/ ˈ s æ l ə m ɪ s / SAL-ə-miss; Ancient Greek: Ναυμαχία τῆς Σαλαμῖνος, romanized: Naumachía tês Salamînos) was a naval battle fought between an alliance of Greek city-states under Themistocles, and the Persian Empire under King Xerxes in 480 BC. The Marduk priesthood hated Nabonidus because of his suppression of Marduk's cult and his elevation of the cult of the moon-god Sin. Firstly, the deficient plans of the both countries, Germany and Austria-Hungry, led to their defeat. Which factor contributed most to the U.S. acquisition of Florida in 1819? C and 480 – 479B. The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. History Assignment Help, Consequences of persian''s defeat by the greek city states, What are some of the major factors that contributed to the Greek victories over the larger and stronger Persian Empire? Strong leadership was the most important aspect of the Greek defence, as without the intelligence and bravery of the leaders, the Greeks would have been easily defeated. But what was the Persian war? 15) The Achaemenids were the ruling family of the 16) How did Persian rule differ from that of other conquerors? General Custer is an officer that charged straight into battle with little defeat, then when the time was wrong ultimately lead to his downfall and death. C. The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. The origin of the Persian Empire can be attributed to the leadership of Cyrus the Great. C. He led Athens to a more democratic government. The Persians now thought, "if Miletus had been the glory of subject Greece, Athens was the golden gate to free Hellas. As Great Britain had the largest army in the world, it was also effective in blockading the materials that were supplied to Germany. In the Greco-Persian wars from 499 BC-449 BC this colossal empire lost due to superior Greek military capabilities residing in the exceptional Greek generals and professional troop contingents. For instance, the Spanish joined hands with the Tlaxcaltecas and the Totonacs, in order to defeat … For them to get adequate resources to sustain themselves, the Spartans occupied the nearby Messenia towards the west, thus forcing them to engage in slavery2. major decisions were approved by an assembly, The phalanx was an effective military formation because, the use of shields protected soldiers and helped maintain formation, Alexander the Great was able to conquer the Persian empire because. The Persian state and Western India to the Indus River was created by Cyrus "the great". The result of the war, although stalemate would be a critical factor that would shape the future of the Middle East. Boxers who have been participating in this sport since they were children exhibit the most dramatic symptoms. Which reform was introduced in Athens by Solon? The factors which led to the defeat of Germany were poor planning, British blockade and entrance of the United States army in the war. He also decided that if he occupied Moscow, the Russian government would crumple and ask for peace. According the author of The Greek and Persian Wars 499-386 BC by Philip de Souza, The Persians were part of a group of ancient peoples who spoke languages similar to modern Iranian (Souza, Pg. Alexander the Great defeated King Darius III and the Persian army in 330 B.C. Athenian democracy ensured that talented individuals rose to positions of power and influence such as Miltiades and Themistocles. pg 6, 1812 Napoleon's Defeat in Russia

This was his belief he expressed in March 1812. Though at the beginning of the war man-power was not considered to be that important factor for victory in war, it in the long run proved to be one of the chief causes for the defeat of the South. They believed that their service to Athens entitled them to more rights. Battle of Marathon (September 490 BCE), in the Greco-Persian Wars, decisive battle in which the Athenians repulsed the first Persian invasion of Greece. By cutting the supply lines of the... ...The Persian Athenian forces had many alliances.. However, their strategy and attack formation was the leading factor that led to a decisive Athenian victory. 1. The Athenians had better weapons and military strategy. The Federal Government of the United States of America ordered that all Plains Indians should give up their lands and move to reservations that were set aside for them by the Government. For full treatment, see ancient Greek civilization: The Persian Wars. How many elite soldiers did the Spartans have at Thermopylae? Which statement correctly describes a similarity between Plato and Socrates? A. unification of the Greek city-states B. weak leadership of the Persian army C. rebellion within the Persian empire D. huge armies of the Greek city-states. The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. According to legend, a messenger was sent from Marathon to Athens, a distance of about 25 miles (40 km), and announced the Persian defeat before dying of exhaustion. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. how were trials in athens similar to trials in the US today. he collected info from witnesses to relate history accurately. Proclaiming the German Empire at Versailles in early 1871, Wilhelm and Bismarck effectively united the country. C and 480 – 479B. Subsequently, the Persians suffered many defeats at the hands of the Greeks, led by the Athenians. 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