Hayden addresses reporters in Chicago’s Dirksen Federal Building. The historic trial of the Chicago Seven saw prominent antiwar activists charged with conspiracy to incite a riot while crossing state lines. But only eight of them were hit with federal conspiracy charges. Though he was raised middle-class, his father was a violent drunk who divorced his wife when Hayden was 10. In later years, he ran for political office numerous times, winning seats in both the California Assembly and California Senate. King’s words of wisdom would stay with Hayden forever, as he recalled in his memoir, Reunion. MOBE was an umbrella organization that included groups who were opposed to American participation in the Vietnam War. [35] He served on the advisory board of the Levantine Cultural Center, a nonprofit organization founded in Los Angeles in 2001 that champions cultural literacy about the Middle East and North Africa. He and Fonda later initiated the Campaign for Economic Democracy (CED), which formed a close alliance with then Governor Jerry Brown and promoted solar energy, environmental protection and renters' rights policies, as well as candidates for local office throughout California, more than 50 of whom would go on to be elected. With the 1968 Democratic National Convention looming ahead and with ending the war being his top priority, Hayden headed to Chicago — and walked straight into American history. [1] When Hayden was 10, his parents divorced, and his mother raised him. 1972), cert. "[3], Hayden grew up attending a church led by Charles Coughlin, a Catholic priest noted for his anti-Semitic teachings, and who was also known nationally during the time of The Great Depression as the "radio priest". Thomas Emmet Hayden (December 11, 1939 – October 23, 2016) was an American social and political activist, author, and politician. [1] Hayden's dismay with Coughlin caused him to break with the Catholic Church as a teenager. Tom Hayden played a big part in the protests against the Vietnam War during the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, which resulted in violent clashes between police and protesters After learning about Chicago Seven member Tom Hayden, take a look at 66 photos from the 1960s. "The radical inside the system’: Tom Hayden, protester-turned-politician, dies at 76. As part of the Chicago Seven, he was charged with conspiracy to incite a riot while crossing state lines at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. The Days of Rage demonstrations were a series of violent actions taken over a course of three days in October 1969 in Chicago, organized by the Weatherman faction of the counterculture-era group Students for a Democratic Society. This page was last edited on 11 February 2021, at 22:52. That doesn't mean that there can't be some attempts at remedies, but these should never be used as an excuse to stay."[44]. The grandstanding of the celebrity revolutionaries Abbie Hoffman and Tom Hayden, the clash of disparate personalities and protest styles, the earnestness of the anti-war cause and the general chaos of the trial itself are all perfectly suited to his brand of storytelling. The opening lines read, “We are people of this generation, bred in at least modest comfort, housed now in universities, looking uncomfortably to the world we inherit.”. Will Tom Hayden Overcome? The riot that overshadowed the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968. Rioters and police in Chicago - … Three months before the Chicago Eight trial began, a group of prominent writers and thinkers published a letter to the editors of The New York Review of Booksarguing that the anti-riot law set a dangerous precedent. Undeterred by the weight of the charges, Davis and Rubin audibly called the court “bullsh*t.” Hoffman and Rubin even showed up one day dressed in judicial robes to make a mockery of the courtroom. Judge Julius Hoffman presided over the trial, which quickly became a media firestorm. [18][19] Staughton Lynd later wrote that the New Left disavowed "the Anti-Communism of the previous generation", and that Lynd and Hayden had written, in Studies on the Left: "We refuse to be anti-Communist. Hayden taught numerous courses on social movements, two at Scripps College—one on the Long War and one on gangs in America—and a course called "From the '60s to the Obama Generation" at Pitzer College. 16 co-conspirators were also named but never prosecuted. Tom Hayden with his then-wife, Jane Fonda, and their son, Troy, Santa Monica, California. But despite the tumultuous trial that followed, Hayden symbolized courage in the face of pressure from the government. [15] His profile in Newark attracted the attention of the FBI. Hayden's 1960s were a decade of dissent marked by civil rights sit-ins, anti-war marches, the Chicago riots and scenes of kids being tear-gassed and clubbed on American campuses. We insist the term has lost all the specific content it once had. [33] Student representation fees are used to support the operation of the Student Senate for California Community Colleges. It depicts their travels through North and South Vietnam in spring 1974.[24]. [10], Convinced, in the words of the Statement, that students must "look outwards to the less exotic but more lasting struggles for justice," and with $5000 from United Automobile Workers, Hayden's first SDS initiative was the Economic Research and Action Project (ERAP). Hayden was called to a meeting where, refusing any further concession, he clashed with Michael Harrington, as he later would with Irving Howe. And it was at the University of Michigan where he truly found his purpose. The riot in question took place outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention — and it happened during an incredibly tense time in American history. Tom Hayden was long past his heyday of political rebellion and the Chicago 7 trial when he died on Sunday at age 76. By then, the pair had already been through a major controversy together, after Fonda visited Vietnam in 1972 and was photographed on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun. In 1968, Tom joined "the Mobe," which stands for the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam. Although The Statement did express regret at the "perversion of the older left by Stalinism," it omitted the LID's standard denunciation of communism. Davis and four co-defendants — Tom Hayden, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman and David Dellinger — were convicted of conspiracy to incite a riot during the “Chicago Seven” trial in … In August 1968, Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, Tom Hayden, Rennie Davis, David Dellinger, Lee Weiner, John Froines, and Bobby Seale make preparations to protest at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Writing about Hayden's role in the 1960s New Left, Nicholas Lemann, national correspondent for The Atlantic, said that "Tom Hayden changed America", calling him "father to the largest mass protests in American history", and Richard N. Goodwin, who was a speechwriter for presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and John F. Kennedy, said that Hayden, "without even knowing it, inspired the Great Society. December 1 1968 … ... Abbie Hoffman, and Tom Hayden. [38] Though he originally leaned towards Bernie Sanders in the 2016 Democratic Presidential Primary, Hayden later announced he would support Hillary Clinton and cast his vote for her when the primary reached California. Rennie Davis, one of the “Chicago Seven” activists put on trial for organizing an anti-Vietnam War protest outside the 1968 Democratic Convention, died Tuesday. He taught a class at University of California, Los Angeles on protests from Port Huron to the present. Indiana cop fired for neo-Nazi internet forum ties. Unsurprisingly, Hayden quickly became a counterculture icon — and he also got into a lot of trouble. ‘The Radical Inside The System’: The Story Of Chicago 7 Activist-Turned-Senator Tom Hayden. Tom Hayden however worried that there would be mass arrests and a further escalation in violence, he urged protesters to disperse to the streets in small groups and try to make their way back to the Hilton Hotel. [21] Six months after the convention, he and seven other protesters including Rennie Davis, Plot. By the time he was a senior, he was an editor of the college paper — and he had what he called a “summer of transformation.”. The future President Richard Nixon won in 1968 — and the Vietnam War was far from over. In a discussion about the book with Theodore Hamm published in the Brooklyn Rail, Hayden argues, "The apparatus of occupation is never going to turn into a peacekeeping economic development agency. To Helstein's dismay, Alinsky dismissed Hayden's venture into the field as naive and doomed to failure. These meetings would later have serious consequences. [36] In that same year, he helped initiate Progressives for Obama (now called Progressive America Rising), a group of political progressives that provided assistance for Obama in his initial presidential campaign. Born Thomas Emmett Hayden on Dec. 11, 1939, in Royal Oak, Michigan, Tom Hayden had a turbulent childhood. At the end of his life he was the director of the Peace and Justice Resource Center in Los Angeles County. He was 80. In 1968, Hayden joined the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam ("the Mobe"), and played a major role in the protests outside the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois. Fifteen years ago, Aaron Sorkin began laying the groundwork for a film based on one of the most compelling legal showdowns of the late 1960s. [1] Hayden attended a Catholic elementary school, where he read out loud to nuns and "learned to fear hell. Robin Platzer/IMAGES/Getty ImagesTom Hayden and his ex-wife Jane Fonda at the Los Angeles premiere of The China Syndrome in 1979. Although Hayden’s visits to Vietnam remained controversial, the State Department did thank him for this humanitarian action. As a founder of the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), he mobilized thousands of young people to speak up against the Vietnam War and demand civil rights for all. To a standing ovation she turned back a motion denying support for sit-ins in the struggle against racial segregation: “I cannot say to a person who suffers injustice, ‘Wait,’ And having decided that I cannot urge caution, I must stand with him.” Alan Haber of the fledgling Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) recruited her on the spot. In early 1968, the National Mobilization Committee opened a Chicago office directed by Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden, who were leading political organizers at the time and former leaders of Students for a Democratic Society. Thomas Emmet Hayden (December 11, 1939 – October 23, 2016) was an American social and political activist, author, and politician. Hayden was a teaching assistant at the University of Michigan Journalism Department in the early 1960s. In the same year, while the Vietnam War was still ongoing, the documentary film Introduction to the Enemy, a collaboration by Fonda, Hayden, Haskell Wexler and others, was released. They were sentenced to five years in prison and fined $5,000. He was there to witness the 1967 Newark Riots which, in Rebellion in Newark (1967), he tried to place in a larger social and economic context. The guilty verdicts were overturned on appeal. The Trial of the Chicago 7 is the latest movie directed by Aaron Sorkin, with a scheduled release date in mid-October. Eventually, 60,000 copies of the statement were distributed for 25 cents apiece. “The Trial of the Chicago 7,” written by acclaimed screenwriter, Aaron Sorkin, tells the true story of the 8 men put on trial for inciting violence during the 1968 Chicago riots that followed the assassinations of JFK, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy. [2] His father was a former Marine who worked for Chrysler as an accountant and was also a violent alcoholic. Bettmann/Getty ImagesHayden addresses reporters in Chicago’s Dirksen Federal Building. Hoping their protests would urge the convention to nominate a candidate who was antiwar, the groups demonstrated outside the International Amphitheater in Chicago. : 1–2. That year, with other SNCC women, Casey Hayden coauthored "Sex and Caste"[9] since regarded as a founding document of second-wave feminism. He spoke many times about the era that planted his name in the American consciousness as a radical firebrand, anti-Vietnam War protester and defendant in the Chicago … The ending of The Trial of the Chicago 7 is pure Hollywood. "Tom Hayden obituary." Hayden lived in Los Angeles from 1971[43] and was married to his third wife, Barbara Williams, at the time of his death. Bettmann/Getty ImagesProtesters clash with the National Guard during the August 1968 riots at the Democratic National Convention. But in American culture, he remained an enduring symbol of a time when young people took history into their own hands. Scientists Found The World's Oldest Sperm Perfectly Preserved In Amber, Reindeer Herders Stumble Upon Ice Age Cave Bear With All Its Organs Intact In Siberia, What Stephen Hawking Thinks Threatens Humankind The Most, 27 Raw Images Of When Punk Ruled New York, Join The All That's Interesting Weekly Dispatch. [5] The Haydens divorced in 1965. [13], President of the United Packinghouse Workers of America Ralph Helstein arranged for Hayden to meet with Saul Alinsky. August 1968. He and Williams adopted a son, Liam (born 2000). Not that you don’t sometimes yearn to be young again, but you’ll never see the world the way you did when you were truly young.”. The Chicago Eight included Abbie Hoffman, Tom Hayden, David Dellinger, Jerry Rubin, Lee Weiner, Rennie Davis, John Froines and Bobby Seale. Godfrey Hodgson (2016). Dellinger, along with Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden, were members of the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam (MOBE). Hayden also founded the Indochina Peace Campaign (IPC), which operated from 1972 to 1975. [39] He also claimed that he never endorsed Sanders and only supported his campaign with the hopes that it would push Hillary towards the Left. This 64-page manifesto called for “participatory democracy,” through which his generation could truly have a voice. The government did not re-try the case, and thereafter elected to dismiss the substantive charges. At the National Student Association convention in Minneapolis in August 1960, Hayden witnessed a dramatic intervention by Sandra Cason. Hayden was best known for his role as an anti-war and civil rights activist in the 1960s, authoring the Port Huron Statement and standing trial in the Chicago Seven case. [30] Starting far behind, Hayden mounted a spirited campaign and finished a surprisingly close second in the Democratic primary. Antiwar activist Tom Hayden listens to student leaders in 1980. Unsurprisingly, Hayden quickly became a counterculture icon — and he also got into a lot of trouble. MOBE was an umbrella organization that included groups who were opposed to American participation in the Vietnam War. [37], Hayden was known widely in California as a staunch endorser of animal rights and was responsible for writing the bill popularly known as the Hayden Act, which improved protection of pets and extended holding periods for pets confined as strays or surrendered to shelters. The Democratic Convention of 1968 was held August 26-29 in Chicago, Illinois. "[27] Staughton Lynd, though, was critical of the Port Huron and New Left concept of "participatory democracy", stating: "We must recognize that when an organization grows to a certain size, consensus decision-making is no longer possible, and some form of representative government becomes necessary. October 27. Hayden in the thick of protests during the Democratic National Convention. His book Hell No: The Forgotten Power of the Vietnam Peace Movement, completed in the months before his death in October 2016, was published on January 31, 2017, by Yale University Press. ‘Chicago 7’ revisits 1968 riots, protests and infamous trial James Verniere 9/25/2020. The Chicago 7 were a group of defendants accused of conspiracy and inciting to riot – alongside other charges linked to the anti-Vietnam War and countercultural protests in 1968. While Hayden lost against California Senator John V. Tunney in 1976, he quickly picked himself up and successfully won a seat in the California Legislature in 1982 and held his seat for a decade. During 2007, Akashic Books released Hayden's Ending the War in Iraq. The demonstrations were broken up by what was later called by the U.S. National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence "a police riot". [32] During this time, he was frequently protested by conservative groups, including Vietnamese refugees, veterans of the U.S. military and Young Americans for Freedom. Whatever else one says about Tom Hayden, he practices what he preaches. NetflixEddie Redmayne as Tom Hayden in the upcoming Netflix film The Trial of the Chicago 7. [39], In his tribute to Hayden following his death, former US President Bill Clinton stated: "Hillary and I knew him for more than thirty years and valued both his words of support and his criticism. It almost cost him his diploma. "[7] The sponsoring League for Industrial Democracy (LID) took immediate issue. “The radicalism of the 1960s is fast becoming the common sense of the 1970s,” said Hayden. His involvement in the Chicago riots was centered around his intention to cross state lines to riot at the 1968 Democratic Convention in the wake of the Reverand Martin Luther King Jr.s assassination. Tom Hayden died from complications related to a stroke on Oct. 23, 2016. He mounted a bid in the Democratic primary for California Governor during 1994 on the theme of campaign finance reform and ran for Mayor of Los Angeles in 1997, losing to incumbent Republican Richard Riordan. [25][26] Hayden and Fonda divorced in 1990. Of course, being a Freedom Rider wasn’t easy. Davis and four co-defendants - Tom Hayden, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman and David Dellinger - were convicted of conspiracy to incite a riot during the 'Chicago Seven' trial in 1969 and 1970. United States v. Dellinger, 472 F.2d 340 (7th Cir. Unfortunately, his marriage to Fonda fell apart during this time. [23] The next year he married Fonda and they had one child, Troy Garity, born on July 7, 1973. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (. Over 100 major U.S. cities experienced disturbances, resulting in roughly $50 million in damage. Edited by Mark L. Levine, George C. McNamee and Daniel Greenberg / Foreword by Aaron Sorkin. (1972), Introduction to the Enemy (1974), The China Syndrome (1979), Nine to Five (1980) and On Golden Pond (1981). He spoke many times about the era that planted his name in the American consciousness as a radical firebrand, anti-Vietnam War protester and defendant in the Chicago 7 conspiracy trial. Chicago Seven, group of political activists who were arrested for their antiwar activities during the August Tom Hayden, in full Thomas Emmet Hayden, (born December 11, 1939, Royal Oak, Michigan, U.S.—died October 23, 2016, Santa Monica, California), American activist and author. "[20], In 1968, Hayden joined the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam ("the Mobe"), and played a major role in the protests outside the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois. 1968 Chicago Riot Left Mark On Political Protests Democrats are gathering for their national convention in Denver with the party divided and the country mired in an unpopular war. AP PhotoAntiwar activist Tom Hayden listens to student leaders in 1980. Though all were charged with conspiracy to incite a riot, Seale was later tried separately — with the rest thus dubbed the Chicago Seven. Five months later, all eight of them are arrested and charged with trying to incite a riot. Hayden in 1976, the year he ran against California Senator John V. Tunney. As part of the Chicago Seven, he was charged with conspiracy to incite a riot while crossing state lines at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Jane Fonda, a supporter of the IPC, later turned this moniker into a name for her film production firm, IPC Films, which produced in whole or in part, movies and documentaries such as F.T.A. Co-defendants John Froines and Lee Weiner were acquitted, the AP reported. Tom Hayden and his ex-wife Jane Fonda at the Los Angeles premiere of, Eddie Redmayne as Tom Hayden in the upcoming Netflix film, died from complications related to a stroke. Regardless of the bleak prospects ahead, Hayden continued to fight for what he thought was right — and even joined the system he’d battled all along to create change from within. But with strong ideals and experience with activism under his belt, the 22-year-old drafted the Port Huron Statement — a call for a cultural revolution. While Fonda was derided as “Hanoi Jane,” Hayden was also heavily criticized for his then-girlfriend’s photo. The manifesto sold for 25 cents apiece with 60,000 copies distributed. He ultimately held on to that seat for eight years. Stirred by her "ability to think morally [and] express herself poetically," Hayden soon followed her into the left-wing grouping. Hayden died in Santa Monica, California, on October 23, 2016, aged 76, following a lengthy illness, including a stroke. Hayden was best known for his role as an anti-war and civil rights activist in the 1960s, authoring the Port Huron Statement and standing trial in the Chicago Seven case. However, Hayden had failed to positively sway the elections. The riots themselves started on 28 August 1968, when several thousand protestors tried to march to the International Amphitheatre, where the Democratic National Congress was being held. With the civil rights movement in full swing, Hayden accepted the offer and joined the Freedom Riders in Atlanta. Rioting and looting followed, with people flooding out onto the streets of major cities. Hayden's 1960s were a decade of dissent marked by civil rights sit-ins, anti-war marches, the Chicago riots and scenes of kids being tear-gassed and clubbed on American campuses. He also taught at Occidental College and at Harvard University's Institute of Politics. A federal appeals court overturned the convictions, citing … Davis and four co-defendants — Tom Hayden, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman and David Dellinger — were convicted of conspiracy to incite a riot during the “Chicago Seven" trial in 1969 and 1970. : 1–2. In 1973, he married actress Jane Fonda, whom he’d met at an antiwar rally. The IPC, operating in Boston, New York, Detroit and Santa Clara, mobilized dissent against the Vietnam War and demanded unconditional amnesty for U.S. draft evaders, among other aims. Early Life & Education. The Law of the Press was one of the courses he taught. In 1970, the seven defendants were acquitted of conspiracy, but Davis and four others -- Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger and Hayden -- were convicted of inciting a riot and sentenced to five years in prison. While Aaron Sorkin’s upcoming Netflix movie The Trial of the Chicago 7 hopes to deliver a breathtaking courtroom drama, the true story of the Chicago Seven and its role in Tom Hayden’s life is even more inspiring. As the SDS became an influential entity of the New Left movement, Hayden became one of the most prominent spokesmen of his generation. Hayden's 1960s were a decade of dissent marked by civil rights sit-ins, anti-war marches, the Chicago riots and scenes of kids being tear-gassed and clubbed on American campuses. In early 1968, the National Mobilization Committee opened a Chicago office directed by Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden, who were leading political organizers at the time and former leaders of Students for a Democratic Society. the "Chicago Seven" after Bobby Seale's case was separated from the others. Events Leading up the 1968 Convention Riots. Countless people were injured during the protests. I know many of you feel very connected to and inspired by... Posted by Rennie Davis on Tuesday, February 2, 2021. Hayden was often beaten by segregationists and thrown in jail. It called for equal opportunity for all — and denounced the hypocrisies in the political system. During January 2008, Hayden wrote an opinion essay for The Huffington Post's website endorsing Barack Obama's presidential bid in the Democratic primaries. Oct. 2, 1969. Rioting and looting followed, with people flooding out onto the streets of major cities. '"[29], During 1976, Hayden made a primary election challenge to California U.S. For three years in Newark, he worked with a community union to organize poor black residents to take on slumlords, city inspectors and others. 2, pp. He was the author or editor of 19 books, including The Long Sixties: From 1960 to Barack Obama, Writings for a Democratic Society: The Tom Hayden Reader, and his memoir, Reunion, and served on the editorial board of The Nation. Hayden even personally delivered one to the Kennedy White House. Davis and four co-defendants — Tom Hayden, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman and David Dellinger — were convicted of conspiracy to incite a riot during the “Chicago Seven" trial in 1969 and 1970. I now want to turn to a clip featuring Tom Hayden, yep, another member of the Chicago 7 and 8, produced by The Nation and features Hayden both speaking during the ’68 DNC protests, also decades later. Michael Finnegan (October 23, 2016). The Chicago Seven (originally Chicago Eight, also Conspiracy Eight/Conspiracy Seven) were seven defendants—Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger, Tom Hayden, Rennie Davis, John Froines, and Lee Weiner—charged by the United States federal government with conspiracy, crossing state lines with intent to incite a riot, and other charges related to anti–Vietnam War … [11] SDS community organizers would help draw white neighbourhoods into an "interacial movement of the poor". “The effect of this ‘anti-riot’ act is to subvert the first Amendmentguarantee of free assembly by equating organized political protest with organized violence,” it read. Hayden was known for being a passionate writer in his teens — as well as a very mischievous one. ", McDowell, Manfred (2013), "A Step into America: The New Left Organizes the Neighborhood," New Politics Vol. The defendants were charged under provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which made it a federal crime to cross state lines to incite a riot. [5] They married in October the following year. As a member of the State Assembly, Hayden introduced the bill that became Chapter 1238 of the California Statutes of 1987. From 1972 to 1975, Hayden’s Indochina Peace Campaign helped mobilize dissent against the Vietnam War in Boston, New York, Detroit, and Santa Clara, California. They also blamed seven other key activists who were involved. Here, we explore the true story that inspired Aaron Sorkin's 'The Trial of the Chicago 7,' which happened after the protests and riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Refined and adopted at the first Students for Democratic Society (SDS) convention in June 1962, the Port Huron Statement called for a "new left" committed, in the spirit of participatory democracy, to "deliberativeness, honesty [and] reflection. The Passing of a Legend: This is Kirsten, Rennie's wife. By William F. Jasper George Rose/Getty ImagesHayden in 1976, the year he ran against California Senator John V. Tunney. With twenty-five years experience in Chicago and across the country, Alinsky was considered the father of community organizing. The Chicago Seven (originally Chicago Eight, also Conspiracy Eight/Conspiracy Seven) were seven defendants - Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger, Tom Hayden, Rennie Davis, John Froines, and Lee Weiner - charged with conspiracy, inciting to riot, and other charges related to countercultural protests that took place in Chicago, Illinois on the occasion of the 1968 … It was from a prison cell in Albany, Georgia, where their ride was to land him, that Hayden began writing the SDS manifesto. Then, learn about the history of hippies. While he continued to fight for progressive causes, Hayden began to view his youthful endeavors as “overly romantic.”, During the 50th anniversary of the Port Huron Statement, he admitted, “You don’t navigate challenges and remain unchanged. "[40], The Guardian alleged that Hayden insisted to the end that he remained a radical. 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